How does the saying go? The tan will fade but the memories will last forever. Unfortunately, so will the dark spots if you don’t get on it right away. The sun’s enemy number one when it comes to hyperpigmentation, it might not initially cause it but it will worsen it. Discolouration is one the biggest skin concerns today, possibly because we live in such a high definition world or because movements like #iwokeuplikethis are garnering more attention each passing day and making us want to wake up with flawless skin. Whatever the reason may be, we can tell you that no one is immune to hyperpigmentation and it affects each and every one of us at one stage or another.
“Hyperpigmentation is an umbrella term for different skin discolouration concerns that are caused by various inherent and lifestyle influences,” explains Nicolette Wepener. “At Nix & Tee we focus on personalising each treatment to a client’s profile, lifestyle and cause of the hyperpigmentation,” she goes on to explain. What works for one patient might not work as well for another. Let’s dive-in and clear up your skin and any questions you might have:
This type of discolouration is common among women as it’s brought on by hormone fluctuations and worsened by sun exposure. Pregnancy, oral contraceptives and hormone therapies can trigger this type of pigmentation which is why it can be difficult to treat. The cause is innate but can be exacerbated by heat and sun exposure.
A combination of chemical peels and Intense Pulsed Light will help lighten and break-up the pigments but if possible, we recommend seeing a doctor to help you balance your hormones. Though for many women this is not always an option as pregnancy, contraceptives and hormone therapy is unavoidable. In these instances, we’ll help our patients to minimise the hyperpigmentation and customise a treatment and skin care plan that fits into their lifestyle and needs.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Acne is a big contributing factor to PIH but it can also be caused by any kind of skin trauma like wounds or skin disorders. The trauma to the skin causes inflammation which in turn triggers the skin cells in the affected area to produce more melanin that forms pink, red or brown marks and can be worsened by UV light.
A series of light chemical peels and skin needling will help to lift the PIH for a more even and radiant skin tone. We’re also able to customise the chemical resurfacing to address break-outs which often cause the PIH. Light chemical peels are fantastic because they’re safe to use on all skin tones and address various skin concerns simultaneously.
Solar Lentigines (aka Age Spots, Liver Spots or Sunspots)
Good old sunspots should not be forgotten as they’re the most common type of hyperpigmentation found in men and women. Though the face is a prime spot for these patches, they’re also commonly found on the chest and hands – a dead give-away of our age. This type of pigmentation builds up over years of sun exposure and can be hard to treat as the damage lies in the deep layers of the skin.
Intense Pulsed Light Treatment works best to treat this type of pigmentation. The light goes deep into the skin where it breaks up the pigments which are then naturally filtered out of the body. Treatment can be done on the face, hands and décolletage and combined with chemical resurfacing to enhance the skin’s texture and radiance.
Before treatment, each patient completes medical history form and their skin is examined using our Skin Scanner. The Skin Scanner enables us to get a true visual understanding of a patient’s skin and guides us in selecting the correct treatment based on the readings while also addressing concerns that might not yet be visible.